Fire ants are very different from ordinary insects.
What makes them unique is their aggressive nature and red body coloration that may range from reddish brown to reddish black.
You can even classify them as the most aggressive insects known to mankind.
They sting really hard to both human beings and animals and these stings may often lead to nausea and bad irritation.
If you have been stung by a fire ant before, you would most probably know how it feels like.
But if you haven’t, then believe you me, you are very lucky as I’ll be offering some remedies to control them here.
But before we come to those, lets discuss few more facts about fire ants…
- What Are Fire Ants: Are They Dangerous?
- How to Destroy and Get Rid of Fire Ant Colonies?
What Are Fire Ants: Are They Dangerous?
Fire ants are referred to as stinging ants and they belong to the genus Solenopsis.
It’s the same family to which stingers like ginger ants, red ants and tropical fire ants belong.
Fire ants have the most savage stings and they are not at all scared to come out and defend their territory if troubled.
Despite of the fact that fire ants can be dangerous, they rarely can cause death.
Only about five percent of people who are stung by fire ants, felt severe allergy (like swelling up of throat, suffocation, etc) and caused them to die.
Where are They Found?
Red fire ants are found worldwide mainly in subtropical south-eastern USA states.
Some of these US states where fire ants are seen most include Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama.
They can also be seen in few parts of North Carolina, Virginia, Tennessee, Arkansas, Texas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, and California.
Just like the other class of ants, they also build mounds.
And, their favorite area to build mounds is open gardens, fields, parks and any place which is open and gets direct sunlight.
If humans, any animal or other insect tries to intrude or break their mounds, they will appear in big numbers and attack till they chase away or kill them.
What Damages Can They Make?
They have big colonies and their team could be as big as 500,000.
Just think of your garden filled with these many numbers of fire ants!
They are not just ferocious but can also dig up mounds and tunnels in your garden, which makes it a must for you to get rid of them.
For some reason, they like to stay around places with electrical current.
So, these tiny pests can also damage your telephone wires, electrical units as well as crops and small plants in garden.
How to Destroy and Get Rid of Fire Ant Colonies?
No matter where fire ants decide to make their residence in your home, you need to make them leave as soon as possible.
Here are some tips and remedies to help you get rid of these perilous ants and their colonies from your home and yard forever:
Step 1. Look out for all their mounds
A fire ant colony is represented by several mounds because of the number of tunnels their workers dig.
If there are fire ants present most likely you will come across a great number of these mounds in your garden.
Some may be obvious while others not, as fire ants build their homes anywhere, they like.
Hence you need to do a complete inspection of the area to find them all.
After you have located all of them, take sticks and insert them inside the ground just next to the mounds so that you can come back to them easily.
Fire ants work laboriously and are busy for most part of the day.
They only return at night to rest. Hence, the best time to attack their mound is at night when they will be resting.
You may not see clearly at night, but the sticks you have already inserted in the ground will serve the purpose and help you in locating their dens conveniently.
Step 2. Use hot water to drown them all
Boil sufficient amount of water and flood all the fire ant hills you have located.
- Pour the hot water through the entry point as fast as you can and move to the next den
- Water will flow till the time there are channels for it to pass and make all the ants to drown inside
- Do not forget, fire ants are aggressive and they will attack you if you stay there for long
The hot temperature of the water will kill these small pests and the water will disrupt their balance to easily drown them.
You can also add liquid soap (or a Dawn dish soap) to enhance the drowning procedure. This will also make sure that the ants don’t swim out.
The best thing about using hot water is its completely environmentally friendly and causes no harm to nearby plants or humans.
Step 3. Put Garlic or Cayenne Pepper to the hot water mix
Though the hot water method works great on its own, but if you want to really win over them, you can include some of their most dangerous enemies like garlic and cayenne pepper.
Fire ants dislike cayenne pepper and some can’t bear the smell of garlic.
Including garlic and cayenne pepper to the hot water will kill them significantly wiping out all the chances of their survival.
- Get lots of garlic cloves and cayenne pepper
- Grind the cloves in powdery form and put it with pepper in the utensil in which the water is boiling
- Pour the cayenne pepper- garlic- hot water mix in the holes and get away as soon as possible to prevent from getting bitten
Just follow the same procedure above making sure you attack at the night when most of the fire ants are at their home.
An additional tip here is to pour the mix into a spray bottle after the water has cooled down.
Take a spray bottle and go to the areas where the mounds are located.
You should also check behind telephone boxes, AC vents and other crevices and holes from where they may have crept through.
Just use the spray as soon as you see them and also spray nearby areas to prevent more from coming.
Step 4. Poison the colony
Having your garden intruded by an ant colony of 500,000 workers is surely not a joke.
Hence, sometimes the hot water flush may not be complete effective solution to eliminate them all.
So, what should you do in such a condition? Poison them!
Fire ants’ poisons are the pesticides which may take some time to kill them inside their mounds. But these are really effective in destroying the ant colonies forever.
All you need to do is go to a pest control store near you and ask for it.
There are a number of brands, so make sure you check the label to know what they offer.
Once you have bought the poison follow these guidelines:
- Look out for the areas in your garden where the fire ants can build their dens. Also, check out the areas where they usually hunt for food.
- Once you have discovered their mounds and their foraging spots, buy some sweet chunk of food and just spread it all over the area.
- Now spray or apply the toxic insecticide to these food chunks and wait patiently. The fire ant workers will find the food and carry it to their underground holes.
- When the infected food reaches underground to the queen and other workers, it will poison them too. However, the procedure may take a few days to show results of the poison.
It is important to be cautious when using pesticides and ant poisons like these. Make sure you keep your pets and kids away from its reach. Right storage is also necessary.
Step 5. Make use of boric acid
Boric acid is also known to kill fire ants very quickly.
You can easily find them at pest control shop and use it wherever needed.
Just sprinkle the powder all over your garden and the places where fire ants majorly go to forage.
You can also use some bait and put boric acid all over it. As soon as the fire ants consume it, they will die.
Some guidelines to use baits for fire ants are:
- Use the bait only when the weather is sunny as fire ants are usually active around their dens during this time
- Do not keep bait if the weather is very hot or rainy. The fire ants don’t go out under such weather conditions
- You can get an ant-bait plate and put the bait in it. It will keep the bait dry and away from the reach of pets and children
Step 6. Hire an insect extermination service
Depending on the infestation and your home condition, it can be your first or last resort.
If you don’t want to take the risk of going near hard-biting, ferocious fire ants, you can simply hire the professionals and stay relaxed.
Also, if all your home remedies aren’t effective, then you can call the professionals to eliminate these fire ants, especially if their colonies and numbers are just beyond your management.
Out of all, it is the costliest approach to deal with fire ants, but you can definitely rely on an expert extermination service to get the task done, once and for all!
If the fire ants are just getting started to sweep in, you can however choose to go DIY methods for eliminating them in your home.
Maybe they will understand that they are not welcomed and will leave your place forever.
Fire ants are aggressive. They can be dangerous and damaging too.
All you need to do deal with them is look out for an ant colony and apply the methods that suits you best.
Hot water works effectively against fire ants. However to destroy their colonies permanently you may need to use a poison so that their is no possibility of their return.
Welcome to ProShieldPest.com. I am Tina Jones. I have been lately working as a pest removal professional in Winslow, Arizona. At present, I love to spend my time with my family as a retiree.
Here I share all my knowledge and experiences to help people understand better how they can stop pests at their homes without actually killing them. Hopefully, the information you will find here useful that can help in safeguarding your home! You can check more about me here.
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